Information contained in this section will highlight the finer details of writing up your findings and discussion sections. The discussion will consist of argumentation. Tell the reader what you did to increase the validity of your research.
Sufficient references such that a reader could, by going to the library, achieve a sophisticated understanding of the context and significance of the question. Can your results be applied in other areas?
Now that you know where the paper is leading, you will probably need to rewrite the introduction. You can use a couple of basic techniques to help you with this process: The chapter most likely to provoke fear, uncertainty and doubt. The post was a useful starting point, but unfortunately not enough to actually help one of my students, Wendy, write her discussion chapters.
The first time you read something, you will consciously remember some things, but may subconsciously take in other aspects. In many cases, this final copy must be printed in black and white. When considering how to present your qualitative data, it may be helpful to begin with the initial outline you have created and the one described above.
What is considered a relevant background depends on your field and its traditions. A summing up should repeat the most important issues raised in your thesis particularly in the discussionalthough preferably stated in a slightly different way. Is there agreement or disagreement with previous work?
What parts would it need? Doing this denies the reader of context or purpose of said graph or figure. When you have some data, start making plots and tables of the data. But it is also important to have read enough theory to know what to look for when collecting data.
During your analysis of the datayou are likely to have run multiple different analyses from regressions to correlations. Shorter assignments do not require abstracts and forewords. Be careful to consider all of these rather than simply pushing your favorite one. There are many ways to write up both your findings and discussion.
But what if you undertook a more quantitative type study? Avoid jumping a currently fashionable point of view unless your results really do strongly support them.
Feel free to pose partially open questions that allow discussions of the overall theme, e. Subheadings need to be informative but not too long. Wendy sat in a chair and just talked at me. If your study encompasses an active process, researchers working on the same process in the ancient record.
Methods What belongs in the "methods" section of a scientific paper? If you met the reader at a meeting six months from now, what do you want them to remember about your paper?
This brings us to our next student mistake — trying to do too much within one section. Often, we see students presenting multiple different statistical analyses without any real understanding of what the tests mean. Needless to say, this a great thing. The discussion section is scary because you have to make new knowledge claims of your own, not just agree or disagree with other people.
How do you know that you have actually investigated what you intended to investigate? Include an index figure map showing and naming all locations discussed in paper. This is true for two reasons.
Be sure to make adequate statistical tests of your results. You have likely worked with the data for a long time and so it might make sense to you.
Refer to spatial and temporal variations. Be wary, however, of common mistakes students tend to make when including these in their dissertation writing. You could also explain how they relate to the research question.
Careful use of phrases such as "We infer that ".Guidelines for Writing a Thesis or Dissertation, Linda Childers Hon, Ph.D. Outline for Empirical Master’s Theses, Kurt Kent, Ph.D.
How to Actually Complete A Thesis: Segmenting, Scheduling, and Next, detail every step of the data gathering and analysis process. Although this section varies depending. Dissertation findings and discussion sections. there are different expectations for an undergraduate dissertation and a PhD thesis, so knowing what these expectations are can be really helpful before you begin.
You can put in a place holder until you know how your sections will be numbered. For example you might write: “In Section XYZ. The discussion section should be a brief essay in itself, answering the following questions and caveats: Order of Writing Your thesis is not written in the same order as it is presented in.
The following gives you one idea how to proceed. outline the main elements: sections, and subsections; begin writing, choosing options in the. “Perceptions of the Difficulties of Postgraduate L2 Thesis Students Writing the Discussion Section.” Journal of English for Academic Purposes 5 (January ): ; Kretchmer, Paul.
Fourteen Steps to Writing an Effective Discussion Section. A discussion of your research question or thesis statement; A schematic outline of the remainder of your thesis; The sections below discuss each of these elements in turn.
Background. The background sets the general tone for your thesis. It should make a good impression and convince the reader why the theme is important and your approach.
The discussion chapter is the problem child of the thesis. The chapter most likely to provoke fear, uncertainty and doubt. Not everyone writes a chapter called “discussion”, but everyone has to do discussiony bits because, well – that’s where the creative magic of the PhD happens.Download