She even goes as far as saying Aphrodite was responsible for the war because she was the one who promised Paris Helen in the Judgment. Hecuba also says instead of trying to escape, even with her help, Helen refused to leave.
It was preceded by Alexandros another name for Pariswhich dealt with the refusal of Priam and Hecuba to murder their infant Paris, who would eventually bring about the destruction of Troy. This final play presents the culmination of this story of suffering.
The gods are portrayed in the play as jealous, head-strong and capricious, which would have greatly disturbed the more politically conservative contemporaries of Euripidesand it is perhaps no surprise that the play did not win in the Dionysia dramatic competition, despite its obvious quality.
Menelaus enters and he says he did not come to Troy to take back Helen but to exact revenge on Paris, the man who stole Helen from him. Of the two male characters in the play, Menelaus is portrayed as weak and officious, while the Greek herald Talthybius is represented as a sensitive and decent man caught up in a world of depravity and grief, a much more complex character than the usual anonymous herald of Greek tragedy, and the only Greek in the whole play who is presented with any positive attributes at all.
The fact that a nonentity named Xenocles won first prize that year, defeating Euripides, is scarcely surprising.
Helen is brought before him, still beautiful and alluring after all that has happened, and she begs Menelaus to spare her life, claiming that she was bewitched by the goddess Cypris and that she did attempt to return to Menelaus after the spell was broken. However, Euripides merely dramatizes a brief portion of the aftermath, about an hour or two the morning after Troy was looted and burned and the Trojan men were put to death.
Hecuba laments and is taken to Odysseus. Cassandra responds by saying Hecuba will die in what is left of Troy, and she will join her mother in the underworld as a victor because Trojan women essay will have destroyed the house of Atreus.
The prophecies of sea disasters in the play no doubt made the Athenian audience squirm. Further, the conquering Greeks are shown to be headed for disaster, since the gods have turned against them. At first, Menelaus does not like the idea, but then Hecuba says she wants to hear them and they allow Helen to explain herself.
However, as though to crush these pitiful hopes, Talthybius arrives and reluctantly informs her that Astyanax has been condemned to be thrown from the battlements of Troy to his death, rather than risk the boy growing up to avenge his father, Hector.
This play concludes a trilogy of tragedies on the legend of Troy. He says he will take Helen back to Greece, where he will hand her over to be killed in retribution for all the deaths she caused.
Although in technical terms it is perhaps not a great play - it has little developing plot, little construction or action and little relief or variety in tone - its message is timeless and universal. Led by the circumstances they find themselves in, the Trojan women, Hecuba in particular, repeatedly question their faith in the traditional pantheon of gods and their dependence on them, and the futility of expecting wisdom and justice from the gods is expressed again and again.
He warns further that if Andromache tries to cast a curse on the Greek ships, then the baby will be allowed no burial. The chorus enters and asks Hecuba what might happen to them. Indeed, the whole tragedy seems calculated to sting the consciences of the Athenians.
Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. The Spartan king Menelaus enters and protests to the women that he came to Troy to revenge himself on Paris and not to take back Helenbut Helen is nevertheless to return to Greece where a death sentence awaits her.
The circumstances of its composition, and the raging moral indignation behind it, refer to an incident in the Peloponnesian War that occurred a few months before the tragedy was presented in March, b. The Greek herald Talthybius arrives to tell Hecuba what will befall her and her children: The people of Melos tried to remain neutral in the Athenian conflict with Sparta, and Athens responded by massacring the grown males and enslaving the women and children.
Hecuba knows the Greek ships are waiting offshore ready to take her and the other Trojan women away to slavery. The other less grand but equally pitiful women of the Chorus also have their say and, in calling attention to the grief of the ordinary women of Troy, Euripides reminds us that the grand ladies of the court are now just as much slaves are they are, and that their sorrows are actually very similar in nature.
She claims she and her beauty saved Greece from a foreign ruling. Andromache had wished to bury her child herself, performing the proper rituals according to Trojan ways, but her ship has already departed, and it falls to Hecuba to prepare the body of her grandson for burial.
As the play closes and flames rise from the ruins of Troy, Hecuba makes a last desperate attempt to kill herself in the fire, but is restrained by the soldiers. Andromache curses the Greeks, and Talthybius takes Astyanax away.
That they allowed it to be produced is amazing. Hecuba thinks they will be auctioned off to the Greeks.
In The Trojan Women Euripides shows Troy after the men were slaughtered, with a handful of women waiting to be taken into bondage.
Talthybius gives Hecuba and the chorus information on who they were all assigned to. Euripides does not stop with that. She and the remaining Trojan women are taken off to the ships of their Greek conquerors.
Helen enters and wants to defend herself.Wesleyan University The Honors College Echoes of a Timeless Lament: Euripides’ Trojan Women as a War Play by Sarah Douglas Wolfe Class of An essay. The Trojan Women essays The Trojan Women is not so much a tragic story as a depiction of a tragic situation, whereby Euripides dramatizes the postwar conditions of these women of Troy, the rewards of war.
Euripides wrote The Trojan Women in B.C., but his tragic play about the aftermath of the f. Trojan Women Essay When watching "Trojan Women", people may be struck by the strong emotional range and intensity, which is present in its main theme, the devastation created by war in the lives of women and children.
In the beginning of The Trojan Women by Euripides, the city of Troy has been sacked, and Poseidon brings attention to Hecuba crying at the entrance of. Free Essay: When watching "Trojan Women", people may be struck by the strong emotional range and intensity, which is present in its main theme, the.
A basic level guide to some of the best known and loved works of prose, poetry and drama from ancient Greece - The Trojan Women by Euripides.Download